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29 Sep 2021

Kisumu County

Environment and Natural Resource Governance – Focus on Kisumu

Kisumu County is located in western Kenya and is surrounded by Siaya County to the West, Vihiga County is to the North West, Nandi County to the North East and Kericho County to the East. Additionally, it borders Nyamira to the South East and Homa-Bay County is to the South. The county has a shoreline on Lake Victoria, occupying northern, western and a part of the southern shores of the Winam Gulf. It is administratively divided into seven sub-counties, 30 wards. According to the KPHC, 2009 results, the county population was 968,909 (49% males and 51% females). Kisumu County Integrated Development Plan (2018-2022) and Environment Policy 2019 identify the following environmental challenges:

  • invasion of the water hyacinth and hippo grass;
  • degradation of natural resources; e.g Wire and Kodera forests & Oluch swamp
  • poor solid waste management;
  • noise and air pollution;
  • use of illegal fishing gear;
  • unsustainable land use practices;
  • poor soil and water management practices;
  • decline in fish stock due to pollution;
  • acidification;
  • perennial flooding;
  • over exploitation on sand harvesting;
  • deforestation;
  • over grazing; and
  • massive soil erosion and land degradation.

Kisumu County Documents