Environment and Natural Resource Governance – Focus on Narok
Narok County is situated in the southern part of the Great Rift Valley between latitudes 00 and 10 50’ South and longitude 350 28’ and 360 25’. It borders the Republic of Tanzania and six other counties – Nakuru, Bomet, Nyamira, Kisii, Migori and Kajiado. The county is administratively divided into six administrative sub-counties: Narok North, Narok West, Narok South, Narok East, Transmara East and Transmara West. It has 20 wards. According to the KPHC, 2009 results, the county population was 850,920 (52 % males and 48%).
The county’s ecological conditions are influenced by the soil type, altitude, vegetation, rainfall pattern and human activities. The two dominant vegetation types in the county include forestland in the Mau area and grasslands and shrubs in the lowland areas of Suswa, in Narok North, Osupuko and Loita divisions in Narok South as well as the Mara sections in Transmara. Grasslands are suitable for livestock rearing and wildlife survival.
Ministry of Environment and Forestry has identified the following environmental challenges for Narok County.
- global warming and climate change;
- land use changes;
- waste management;
- climate change and pro-longed drought;
- land use change; and
- human wildlife conflict.